Basically proximity means anything that is near or close by. Infrared signals are sent out and received which help to collect information.It contains both analog and digital output.
Infrared proximity sensor made by Sharp. Part # GP2Y0A41SK0F has an analog output that varies from 3.1V at 4cm to 0.3V at 30cm with a supply voltage between 4.5 and 5.5VDC. The sensor has a Japanese Solderless Terminal (JST) Connector. We recommend purchasing the related pigtail below or soldering wires directly to the back of the module.